Cafet Innova

    International Journal of Coastal and Ocean Research



    Dr. G. S. Dwarakish

    National Institute of Technology Karnataka
    Dept. of Applied Mechanics & Hydraulics
    National Institute of Technology Karnataka Srinivasnagar Post- 575 025, Surathkal, Mangalore, D.K. Dist.

    About Journal

    The International Journal of Coastal and Ocean Research (IJCOR), ISSN: 2454-7883, publishing by Cafet Innova Technical Society (CITS) was established in 2015. IJCOR will be a peer-reviewed, half yearly Journal dedicated to support the global medium for sharing knowledge related to theoretical, experimental, computational, field oriented and other innovative ideas of research in the fields of Coastal and Ocean Engineering and Geo-informatics applications worldwide.

    For all editorial queries:

    Dr. G. S. Dwarakish

    Editorial Board


    Themes List

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    Author Instructions

    author-information MANUAL


    The International Journal of Coastal and Ocean Research (IJCOR), ISSN: 2454-7883, publishing by Cafet Innova Technical Society (CITS) was established in 2015. IJCOR will be a peer-reviewed,half yearly Journal dedicated to support the global medium for sharing knowledge related to theoretical, experimental,computational, field oriented and other innovative ideas of research in the fields of Coastal and Ocean Engineering and Geo-informatics applications worldwide.

    ISSN: 2454-7883

    Aim and Scope of the Journal

    A thorough understanding of the fundamental concepts related to Winds, Waves, Tides, Currents, Bathymetry, Sea-seabed interaction, Regional and Global Circulation, Impact of wave structure interaction on shore-line configuration is very much essential for the study of past, present and future research and developmental activities in the area of Coastal and Ocean Engineering. IJCOR will publish original and unpublished research articles, review papers, short communications from researchers, practitioners in industry, government, academic and other related organizations, based on the different topics, but not limited to, Coastal Engineering, Hydrodynamics, Coastal Environment, Coastal Processes, Coastal Protection and Facilities, Coastal Disasters and Risk Management, Coastal Planning, Policy and Management, Port and Harbor Engineering, Dredging, Ocean Engineering and Offshore Technology, Ocean and Coastal Observation Systems, Ocean Renewable Energy and Development, Naval Architecture Physical Oceanography, Underwater Imaging and Geo-informatics Applications.

    Benefits to the Author

    IJCOR provide many author benefits, such as free PDFs, a liberal copyright policy, free access of all published articles, special discounts to CITS Members and much more.


    Academic Professors, Academicians, Engineers and Researchers can submit their research articles, review articles, case studies and short notes for publication in IJCOR.

    Abstracting and Indexing

    Editorial Board


    Dr. G S Dwarakish, Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Karnataka (NITK), Surathkal, India

    Executive Editors:

    Dr. D. Venkat Reddy, NITK, Surathkal, INDIA

    Associate Editor

    Dr. Raju Aedla, Cafet-Innova Technical Society, Hyderabad, India

    Managing Editor

    Dr. Hafeez Basha R, Cafet-Innova Technical Society, Hyderabad, India

    International Editorial Advisory Board

    S Neelamani, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, SAFAT, KUWAIT

    Usha Natesan, Centre for Water Resources, Anna University, Chennai, INDIA

    Baba M, Vice-President, Ocean Society of India, INDIA

    Vembu Subramanian, University of South Carolina, USA

    Deepak T J, INTI International University, Kaula Lumpur, MALAYSIA

    Dattatri J, NITK- Surathkal, Karnataka, INDIA

    Mandal S, National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, INDIA

    Tad S Murthy, University of Ottawa, CANADA

    George Voulgaris, University of South Carolina, USA

    Nirupama N, York University, CANADA

    Narasimha Prasad N B, CWRDM, Kerala, INDIA

    Kakinuma T, Kagoshima University, JAPAN

    Venkata Lakshmi, University of South Carolina, USA

    Prasad S Thenkabail, USGS-WGSC, USA

    Girish Gopinath, CWRDM, Kerala, INDIA

    Subba Rao, NITK, Surathkal, Karnataka, INDIA

    Mahendra R S, INCOIS, Hyderabad, INDIA

    Semu Ayalew Moges, Addis Ababa University, ETHIOPIA

    Georg Hormann, Kiel University, GERMANY

    Asano T, Kagoshima University, JAPAN

    Tena Alamirew,Knowledge Generation Division, WLRC, ETHIOPIA

    Publisher Information

    International Journal of Coastal and Ocean Research (IJCOR) is publishing by Cafet Innova Technical Society, Hyderabad, India. For More Information

    Editorial Office

    IJCOR is registered under Cafet Innova Technical Society, Hyderabad, India.For More Information

    Publishing Schedule

    IJCOR started in the year 2015 and it is a half yearly (Two issues per annum) peer reviewed international journal. For More Information

    Guide For Authors


    As an International peer-reviewed journal, IJCOR provides a platform for the publication of the most advanced scientific research in all the areas of Coastal and Ocean Sciences and Engineering. The journal invites original experimental investigations from the authors and papers may cover theoretical and methodological approaches, review studies, case studies etc.


    Authors are requested to write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use English Language Editing Services or check the manuscript with the language expert.

    Online Submission

    Authors are requested to submit their papers electronically by using the IJCOR online submission web site Submit Paper. This site will guide the authors stepwise for online submission process. Authors are requested to submit the text, tables, and artwork in electronic form mostly in MS Office Word format (.doc or .docx). Authors who are unable to provide an electronic version or have other circumstances that prevent online submission must contact the Editor prior to submission to discuss alternative options at email:

    Paper Preparation

    Author can check the paper thoroughly before submission to the journal for review process using following check list. Authors should submit their manuscripts as per journal format and please check the IJCOR Paper Format for more details.

    Ensure that following sections are present;

    • Title of the paper
    • Author Names
    • Affiliation and contact address of the authors
    • Email Addresses (All authors email addresses must include)
    • Keywords
    • All figures include relevant captions
    • All tables including titles, serial number, description and footnotes
    • Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided
    • Paper has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'
    • All references mentioned in the Reference section are cited in the text, and vice versa
    • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources
    • Referee suggestions and contact details provided, based on journal requirements

    Submission Declaration

    Submission of the paper includes that the research carried out by the authors has not been published previously, not under consideration of publication elsewhere, including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.

    All the authors should disclose if any actual or potential conflict of interest including any personal, financial or relationship with other people or organization in carrying out of the research work.

    All authors must approve the research work before submit to the journal for review process that the final article is true.

    Preparation of Manuscript

    Authors are requested to prepare the manuscripts as per the journal format with maximum 10 pages including figures, tables and references. In case of exceeding the page limit, Editor will ask for revised versions and resubmissions.

    Paper Format

    Authors can prepare their manuscripts in word processor and can submit in .doc or .docx format. The text should be in two columns from Introduction section. The text should prepare using ‘Times New Roman’ theme font.

    Structure of Article

    Title: Title of the paper is more concise and informative, and avoids abbreviations and formulae. Title should be in Times New Roman (16 font size) with capitalizing first word.

    Author Names and Affiliations

    Author’s name list and order should be clear without spelling mistakes. The authors' present affiliation addresses below the names with all affiliations with a lowercase superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. All authors organization name, address including the country name and e-mail address [Times New Roman-10 Pt +Italic].

    Corresponding Author: One author should be a corresponding author, who will handle all communication with Editor during, submission, review, publication and post-publication.


    Abstract should be concise and brief the purpose of research, principal or methodology with major conclusions. Introduce the research in first Two to Three sentences and then describe the problem. In next step, provide the purpose and main objectives of the paper. Further express the methodology used and finally highlight the major conclusions. Abstract of the paper should not excess 250 words.


    Provide maximum five keywords (separating with comma), which are most related to the research work. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.


    Authors can acknowledge in separate section after the conclusions before reference section. Authors can include the individuals, who helped in the research, writing and proof reading assistance and language correction etc. Author can also list the organization which provided the funding for research and provided experimental setups.

    If there is no funding, author can state as ‘This research did not receive any funding or financial support or specific grant from funding agencies or government or non-government or non-profit organizations’.


    If authors prepared the figures in Microsoft Office (Word, PowerPoint, Excel), prepare the text and legends as per journal format and ‘save as’ or convert the images in to following formats;

    EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.

    TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.

    TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi.

    TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.

    Figure Captions

    Author has to supply the title or description to all the figures placed in the paper, and these should provide separately, not include in the figure. The title with figure serial number should not on the figure itself and a description of the figure should minimum explanation with symbols and abbreviations used. Figure title or description should give below the figure with serial number.

    Ex: Figure 1: Allowable Rock Pressure


    Author has to submit the tables in editable text not in the image format. Table has only horizontal lines. Table title should give above the table. Author can place the tables either next to the relevant text or on separate page(s) at the end. Authors make sure that the data presented in the tables should not duplicate results or published elsewhere.

    Ex: Table 1: Allowable Rock Pressure


    If authors use Microsoft Office (Word, PowerPoint, and Excel) for preparing the manuscript, please prefer ‘Equation Editor’ for writing equations. Don’t use equations in image format and don’t keep in table format. Use the equations along with text and provide the number in ().

    Ex: 𝐴=𝜋𝑟2 (1)


    The references should be brought together at the end of the article, and numbered in the order of their appearance in the text. Authors ensure that every reference in the text appears in the list of references and vice versa. Numerals for references are given in square brackets [ ]. Do not set reference numbers in superscript. Any references cited in the text must be given in full in the reference list.

    Journal Articles

    Vishal, V., Singh, T. N., “A laboratory investigation of permeability of coal to supercritical CO2”, Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 33 (4), PP. 1009-1016, 2015

    Conference Articles

    Van Oort, E., and Vargo, R. “Improving Formation Strength Tests and Their Interpretation.” SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 20-22 February, 2007, SPE/IADC 105193

    Book Chapters

    Bernt, S., Aadnoy, Iain Cooper, Stefan, Miska, Z., Robert F. Mitchell, Michael L. Payne, “Advanced drilling and Well Technology”. Society of Petroleum Engineers, Ch. 5, PP.301-441, 2009


    Yao Fu, “Leak-Off Test (LOT) Models”, M.Sc. in Engineering Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin, pp. 2-8, 2014


    Eaton, D.I., “Porous glass support material”, US Patent No. 3904422, 1975

    Web references

    Environmental Report, “The ICAO Environmental Report 2016”, 2016.


    All authors of the paper need to sign on the copyright form after acceptance of the paper for publication of the journal. Journal Editor will be sent a mail to the corresponding author for copyright form. Download the copyright form here

    Copyright Transfer Agreement

    IJCOR authors need to submit the e-copy of Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) through mail based on editor instructions. If article accepted, the corresponding author will receive an e-mail with the link of CTA form. This will be downloaded, manually filled and signed by all authors of the paper, and forwarded to the Editor. IJCOR authors no longer require sending the FAXs or CDs or other hard copy of the CTA through post to editorial office.

    Permission Grants

    If the author’s submitted article contains extracts, including illustrations, from other copyright works (including material from on-line or intranet sources) it is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission from the owners of the publishing rights to reproduce such extracts. The Permissions Form or letter should be uploaded as “Supplementary files not for review” with the online submission of your article or separate mail to Editor of the Journal.

    Ownership of Copyright

    Authors must own the Copyright of submitted work. Submission of a manuscript will be held to imply that it contains original unpublished work and is not being submitted for publication elsewhere at the same time. Submitted material will not be returned to the author, unless specifically requested.

    Open Access of the Articles

    All accepted authors papers will be published online for open access. The publisher will post all published PDF articles may immediately post on journal website. All articles may be made free to access in an institutional repository, though self-archiving. At Cafet Innova website, articles can be self-archived after an embargo period of 12 months from publication on EarlyView, but this may vary.

    IJCOR authors wishing to make their article open access to sign an Open Access Agreement providing for the article to be made available under one of the Creative Commons Licenses in order to meet the terms of open access publication and ensure the widest possible dissemination. IJCOR uses the Creative Commons website explains how these licenses work. IJEE is using one Creative Commons Licenses: CC-BY-NC.

    Article Processing Charges

    IJCOR authors have to pay minimum processing charges of the article after acceptance. The processing charges include processing of article, type setting, proof read, provide final pdf offprit, printing and posting of journal copy to corresponding authors. For more Information

    Revenue Sources

    The processing of submitted articles, publishing and printing of articles are managed mainly with two revenue sources, (1) Author registration and (Subscriptions). For More Information

    Conflict(s) of Interest

    International Journal of Coastal and Ocean Research (IJCOR) require that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. If any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations during the research work carried out. Authors must disclose the conflicts of interest, which directly or indirectly relevant to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. Potential sources of conflict of interest includes but not limited to patent or stock ownership, membership of a company, board of directories, sponsored organizations, associated companies or organizations helped during the work, organizations data or lab facilities provided, membership of an advisory board or committee for a company, and consultancy or receipt of speakers fees from a company. The existed conflict of interest does not prevent the publication of article in this journal and if no conflicts of interest authors should declare at the submission. For More Information

    Submission declaration

    Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.


    All authors must have materially participated in the research and/or article preparation. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and included in the disclosure.

    Authorship Standards and Process

    Authors are requested to check the list, order, affiliation and address of authors before submit to the journal. If any changes in authorship like addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names should be made before acceptance of the paper if approved by the journal Editor. The corresponding author must contact the journal Editor, with confirmation of authors with the addition, removal or rearrangement of authors list.

    The corresponding author must send request to Editor with following issues; (i) the main reasons for the change in the author list, (ii) the reasons for the change of the author’s affiliations, (iii) the reasons for the change of email contacts and (iv) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. The changes will be accepted by the editor before acceptance of the article, in only special situations the Editor will consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the article has been accepted. Due to these considerations by the Editor, the article publication may be postponed. For more information

    Evaluation of Submitted Articles

    IJCOR follows double blind review process with subject experts. IJCOR assesses all submitted articles against the technical quality, scientific originality and significance of the work with respect to earth sciences and engineering.

    IJCOR seeks the articles that are high scientific quality, which contains original and significant research or review work related to earth sciences and engineering. The articles should cover advanced topics within the scope of the journal. The submitted articles for IJCOR will be processed for screening. After screening the articles will be processed for review and based on reviewer’s comments the recommendation and decision-making process of the paper will processed. For More Information

    Withdrawal of Articles

    Withdrawal or removal of articles is strongly discouraged. This policy is standard industry practice as described by the International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers Guidelines on Preserving the Record of Science.

    The practice of removal, deletion, or obscuring of an article or part of an article should be limited to circumstances such as:

    • Legal infringements, defamation, or other legal limitations; or
    • False or inaccurate data, especially those that if acted upon could pose a serious health risk.

    Even in these circumstances, a retraction statement must still be published to ensure that bibliographic information about the removed article is retained for the scientific record, and an explanation must be given about the circumstances of removal or withdrawal.

    Readers are also directed to the sections in this article which discuss Retractions and Expressions of Concern.

    Complaint Process

    For any complaint against IJCOR or any general information or query, authors, editors or institutions or members can directly contact Editor of IJCOR. For More Information

    Special Issues

    No Special Issues

    Processing Charges

    No Data Available

    Journal news

    ICEE 2016

    3rd International Conference on Earth Sciences and Engineering (ICEE 2016), 17th-18th June, 2016 at NIT Coimbatore, TamilNadu, India